Payments made to a songwriter or music publisher for permission to use a song in "sync" with visual images on a screen. More specifically, sync refers to the use of a song in television, movies, and commercials. Sync royalties are generally a one-time sum paid directly to the publisher. For example, when the CW uses The xx's "Crystalised" or Sebastien Tellier's "La Ritournelle" in Gossip Girl, the publishers representing those songs are paid directly for the use of the music. In addition to the sync license fee, songwriters and publishers also benefit from Performance Royalties when the program is aired in certain instances. See Performance Royalties for more information.