Royalties paid to a publisher for the sale of copyrighted songs in foreign territories. Unlike US mechanical royalties, foreign mechanicals do not have a fixed penny rate, but usually are paid as a percentage of the wholesale price (generally between 6 and 12%, depending on the territory.) Foreign mechanicals are collected by local societies such as GEMA in Germany and SACEM in France. If a US songwriter does not collect their foreign mechanicals within a set period of time (generally 6 - 18 months, depending on the territory) then the society will usually distribute those royalties to local publishers as "black box" income.
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